When Arizona was admitted as a state in 1912, their constitution included an article restricting the employment of children with the Child Labor Amendment being adopted in 1925. The current labor laws pertaining to minors (workers under the age of 16) are called Youth Employment Laws. In Arizona, employment coordinated with education is encouraged.
Currently the Arizona Youth Employment Law states that those under the age of 14 are prohibited from working in order to ensure their physical, mental, and emotional development. However, those at least 10 years old may sell or deliver newspapers or periodicals. They may also work in the entertainment industry. Other jobs may be performed with parental permission.
Minors in the 14-15 age group may work in a variety of occupations except those considered to be too hazardous. These occupations include manufacturing and processing, laundry or dry cleaning, warehouse work, construction, maintenance or repair, cooking or baking, and working riding a tractor. An exception is made to these categories if the employment is part of a career education or vocational program or the employer obtains a variance, which is a formal application for an exemption made to the Arizona Industrial Committee. The restrictions for this age group include,
When public school is in session:
When public school is not in session:
The Youth Employment Law states that those 16-17 are not considered minors for work purposes and may work in a variety of occupations. Whether school is in session or not, they may work eight hours per day and 40 hours per week between 5 am and 10pm unless it is agriculture related. They are prohibited from working in the following occupations unless a variance is granted:
Youth of all ages under 18 are exempt from the Youth Employment Law restrictions if they are employed in: